Powering through Challenges: Analyzing the Energy Crisis in the Western Balkans during the Pandemic Context

Arben Gjukaj, Vezir Rexhepi, Raimonda Bualoti, Marialis Celo, Isak Kerolli


This paper examines the current challenges in the energy sector of the Western Balkan countries, focusing on the energy sector of Kosovo as a case study during the pandemic. These countries are at crucial stages of their development, marked by significant achievements but with ongoing challenges in the energy sector as a factor for sustainable development. The region remains highly vulnerable to energy crises and geopolitical tensions, particularly due to its heavy dependence on fossil fuels such as brown coal for energy production. Our research focuses on the energy system in Kosovo, highlighting its historical reliance on a fragile energy sector, particularly characterized by inflexible thermal power plants using outdated technology and a lack of additional, more flexible capacity. The purpose of this study is to examine Kosovo's energy system, assess the challenges it encounters, and identify the factors that have contributed to the energy crisis from 2021 to 2023.


Doi: 10.28991/HIJ-2024-05-01-08

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Electricity Consumption; Electricity Market; Energy Crisis; Gas; Power System; Renewable Energy Sources.


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DOI: 10.28991/HIJ-2024-05-01-08


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