Numerical Behavior of Extended End-Plate Bolted Connection under Monotonic Loading

Anita Gjukaj, Fidan Salihu, Ali Muriqi, Petar Cvetanovski


Extended end-plate connections, which act as joints providing resistance against moments between beams and columns, are commonly categorized as semi-rigid or partial-strength connections. The reason for their extensive application in steel frame constructions lies in their straightforward design, their ability to be reproduced easily, and the convenience they offer in the fabrication process. This research used the ABAQUS FE software to construct a three-dimensional finite element model (FEM) with the main objective of exploring how different geometric parameters impact the behavior of the extended end-plate bolted connection, which functions as a semi-rigid, partial-strength beam-to-column connection. Accurately determining the moment-rotation relationship and connection stiffness is of utmost importance for semi-rigid connections. The developed FEM models incorporate various factors such as geometric and material non-linearities, bolt pretension force, as well as contact and sliding between the connection elements. To establish the credibility of the numerical outcomes, the developed FEM model was meticulously calibrated and verified against experimental data obtained from previous studies available in the literature. Subsequently, using the validated finite element model, a parametric investigation was undertaken to evaluate the influence of distinct geometric parameters, namely the thickness of the end plate and column web stiffeners. This numerical model facilitates a comprehensive analysis of the extended end-plate bolted connection, encompassing critical aspects such as the moment-rotation curve and failure mode. The results demonstrated that the analyzed finite element model aligns well with experimental findings and that the use of column stiffeners is inevitable in the joint, as well as a moderated thickness of the end plate.


Doi: 10.28991/HIJ-2023-04-02-04

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Beam-to-Column Connection; FEM Model; Validation of FE; Column Stiffeners; End-Plate Stiffeners.


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DOI: 10.28991/HIJ-2023-04-02-04


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