Architectural Rehabilitation and Sustainability of Green Buildings in Historic Preservation
The aim of the article is to draw attention to the fact that architecture must comprehend nature and bring it back to the daily life of man, increasing his physical and psychological comfort. "Green" in architectural rehabilitation can have several meanings and approximations. In this article, we address "Green" as both a color and an attitude. This paper has been developed through deepening the hypothesis of the color green in living coatings. The creation of an ecological skin in architecture accentuates the dilution of the presence of interventions in heritage contexts with an attitude of knowing how to add, involving nature. These enable the development of solutions that avoid architectural language formalisms, which is especially important in the context of heritage architectural rehabilitation. Examples of green roofs and green facades are presented, and it is shown that rainwater management improves the sustainability of the historic place. Complementary, as a green attitude, it is essential to use renewable energy in buildings to achieve NZEB—Nearly Zero Energy Building. As a case study, we have selected the rehabilitation of the Cathedral of Portalegre in Portugal.
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